A major study has suggested that the new, possibly more contagious coronavirus variant that has been spreading in Europe – and, as of Tuesday, in Colorado – does not cause more severe illness or have a higher death rate.
Researchers from Public Health England (PHE), a government public-health agency, compared 1,769 people infected with the B.1.1.7 variant against 1,769 people with the original, “wild-type” virus. They found no significant differences in hospitalisation or death rates.
Susan Hopkins, the senior medical advisor to PHE, said that the researchsuggested the new variant “does not cause more severe disease or increased mortality” but that researchers were continuing their investigations.
The variant has since been identified in at least 18 other countries, including Germany, Sweden, France, Canada, and Japan.
On Tuesday, the US confirmed its first case of the variant, in Colorado. The infected person, a man in his 20s, had no recent history of travel outside the US, the office of Gov. Jared Polis said. The man is isolating while authorities investigate the variant’s spread.
This PHE trial was the first “matched” study of the new variant, meaning it compared two groups of subjects matched for age, sex, location, and time of testing, per the Financial Times.
In total, 42 people with either the wild type or the B.1.1.7 variant were admitted to a hospital after infection – 26 people with the wild type, and 16 with the variant. Twelve people with the variant had died, along with 10 with the wild type. The differences were not statistically significant, the researchers said.
Reinfection was not more likely in the variant group, the researchers said: Only two people had been reinfected within 90 days of their first infection, compared with three in the wild-type group.
Fifteen per cent of people who contact tracers identified as being in contact with somebody infected by the B.1.1.7 variant had caught it, compared with 10 percent of people found to have come in contact with other variants. The researchers said this supported the theory that the new variant is more contagious.